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Apple Pollination



Most apples are not self-fertile and in order to produce the best fruit results, the second tree of a different variety should be planted to optimize pollination. An apple variety can be optimally pollinated by any other variety that has a similar bloom time: in the same column or in an adjacent column on the chart. Crabapples may also pollinate apples as long as their bloom times overlap.

Gravenstein (T)CortlandBraeburnNorthern Spy
Spartan (S)EmpireFujiRoxbury Russet
LibertyGranny Smith (S)
Jonagold (T)
Red Delicious
Winesap (T)
Yellow Delicious

Varieties marked with a (T) are triploid and therefore sterile. They must be pollinated by a variety that is not sterile and they can not pollinate another variety. When planting a sterile variety, it is best to plant a self-fertile variety for pollination. An (S) next to a variety indicates that it is partially self-fertile and will often produce some fruit on its own. The second variety of apples will enhance fruit production.

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